Religious Studies

Calvin Meets Voltaire: The Clergy of Geneva in the Age of by Dr Powell McNutt Jennifer

By Dr Powell McNutt Jennifer

In 1754, Voltaire, the most recognized and provocative writers of the interval, moved to town of Geneva. Little time handed sooner than he instigated clash with the clergy and town as he publicly maligned the reminiscence of John Calvin, promoted the tradition of the French theater, and incited political unrest inside of Genevan society. clash with the clergy reached a fever pitch in 1757 while Jean d’Alembert released the item ‘Genève’ for the Encyclopédie. a lot to the consternation of the clergy, his article either castigated Calvin and depicted his clerical legacy as Socinian. on the grounds that then, little has been resolved over the theological place of Calvin’s clerical legacy whereas a lot has been made up of their declining importance in Genevan existence in the course of the Enlightenment era.

Based upon a decade of analysis at the resources at Geneva’s documents d'État and Bibliothèque de Genève, this publication offers the 1st entire monograph dedicated to Geneva’s Enlightenment clergy. exam of the social, political, theological, and cultural stumble upon of the Reformation with the Enlightenment within the figurative assembly of Calvin and Voltaire brings to gentle the existence, paintings, and regarded Geneva’s eighteenth-century clergy. as well as exam of the convergence with the philosophes, prosopographical examine uncovers clerical demographics at paintings. in addition, the character of clerical involvement in Genevan society and classes of political unrest are thought of besides the invention of a ‘Reasonable Calvinism’ at paintings within the public preaching and liturgy of Genevan worship.

This learn strikes Geneva’s narrative past a simplistic paradigm of ‘decline’ and secularization, deals extra facts for a revisionist realizing of the Enlightenment’s engagement with faith, and locates Geneva’s clergy squarely within the newly rising class of the ‘Religious Enlightenment.’ ultimately, the importance of French coverage from the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 to the invasion of Napoleonic armies in 1798 indicates that the main significant component within the transformation of Genevan non secular lifestyles finally used to be its French connection, which ultimately uprooted a urban nonetheless principally devoted to the ideals, socio-political constitution, and tradition of its Protestant Reformation.

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