European History

Music as Propaganda in the German Reformation (St Andrews by Rebecca Wagner Oettinger

By Rebecca Wagner Oettinger

Over the 1st 4 a long time of the Reformation, enormous quantities of songs written in renowned kinds and set to recognized tunes seemed around the German territories. those polemical songs incorporated satires at the pope or on Martin Luther, ballads retelling old occasions, translations of psalms and musical sermons. They ranged from ditties of 1 strophe to didactic Lieder of 50 or extra. Luther wrote many such songs and this e-book contends that those songs, and the propagandist ballads they encouraged, had a better influence at the German humans than Luther’s writings or his sermons. tune used to be a massive strength of propaganda within the German Reformation. Rebecca Wagner Oettinger examines a big variety of songs and the function they performed in disseminating Luther’s teachings to a mostly non-literate inhabitants, whereas concurrently spreading subversive feedback of Catholicism. those songs shaped an intersection for a number of forces: the cozy familiarity of renowned track, old theories at the energy of tune, the tutorial ideals of sixteenth-century theologians and the necessity for feel of neighborhood and identification in the course of occasions. As Oettinger demonstrates, this tune, whereas in itself basic, offers us with a brand new knowing of what most folk in sixteenth-century Germany knew of the Reformation, how they received their wisdom and the ways that they expressed their perspectives approximately it. With complete info of approximately 2 hundred Lieder from this era supplied within the moment half the ebook, tune as Propaganda within the German Reformation is either a worthwhile research of song as a political and spiritual agent and an invaluable source for destiny research.

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European History

Building the Nation: N.F.S. Grundtvig and Danish National by John A. Hall,Ove Korsgaard,Ove K. Pedersen,Ove Korsgaard

By John A. Hall,Ove Korsgaard,Ove K. Pedersen,Ove Korsgaard

Denmark turned a country amidst the turbulence of the 19th century, an period stricken by struggle, financial disaster, and territorial loss. construction the state is an insightful research of this formation, emphasizing the the most important function of N.F.S. Grundtvig, the daddy of recent Denmark.

Persevering via years of humiliation, inner clash, and career, Denmark now boasts one of many world's so much solid and democratic political platforms, in addition to one among its richest economies. From catastrophe to luck, development the state emphasizes the function of nationwide icons and social activities within the formation of Denmark. The poet, political thinker, clergyman, and founding father N.F.S. Grundtvig is in comparison to Rousseau and Durkheim in France, to Herder and Fichte in Germany, and to different nice thinkers within the usa and eire. in the course of his lifetime, the dominion of Denmark reworked from monarchy to democracy and moved from agrarianism to a latest financial system - evolutions to which Grundtvig himself contributed. He has develop into a primary and inescapable reference-point for discussions approximately country, democracy, freedom, faith, and schooling in Denmark and out of the country.

Situating Grundtvig in either the heritage of Denmark and the highbrow historical past of nineteenth-century Europe, development the state argues for the centrality of his impression within the making of contemporary Denmark, in addition to the continued impression of his work.

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European History

Negotiating the French Pox in Early Modern Germany (The by Claudia Stein

By Claudia Stein

This ebook explores the identification of the 'French ailment' (alias the 'French pox' or 'Morbus Gallicus') within the German Imperial urban of Augsburg among 1495 and 1630. Rejecting the imposition of contemporary conceptions of illness upon the earlier, it finds how early smooth scientific concept facilitated huge, immense flexibility in defining disorder, and the way disorder id used to be a neighborhood subject, and certainly one of consistent negotiation and renegotiation. Drawing on a wealth of basic resource fabric this paintings combines difficulty with the conceptualisation of the illness with its useful program, and argues for the inseparability of either. It makes a speciality of how theoretical figuring out of the pox formed a few of the healing reactions, and vice versa. It exemplifies this within the particular socio-cultural context of 16th- and seventeenth-century Augsburg, via an research of the city's municipal and personal pox hospitals. Combining scientific, non secular, fiscal, municipal and institutional historical past this e-book deals a desirable perception into how early smooth society got here to phrases with disorder either in a realistic and theoretical experience. This revised English translation of Dr Stein's unique German publication provides new layers of knowing to a desirable yet complicated subject.

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European History

Modern Spain (Understanding Modern Nations) by Enrique López

By Enrique López

Fulfilling the necessity for English-source fabric on modern Spain, this booklet offers readers with an in-depth, interdisciplinary advisor to the rustic of Spain and its difficult, varied culture.

• Serves as a common reference consultant to Spain that offers ancient info in addition to information about way of life in modern day Spain

• Covers an enormous number of issues starting from activities and literature to gastronomy and geography

• Addresses almost each factor and trouble with regards to 21st-century Spain

• offers the main up to date evidence in a good, unprejudiced manner

• Connects suitable features of Spain with these of different international locations, giving readers point of view into the most obvious changes and refined nuances among unusual cultures

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European History

The Hero of Italy: Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma, his by Gregory Hanlon

By Gregory Hanlon

The Hero of Italy examines a salient episode in Italy's Thirty Years' struggle with Spain and France, wherein the younger duke Odoardo Farnese of Parma embraced the French alliance, merely to event defeat and career after tumultuous years (1635-1637). Gregory Hanlon stresses the narrative of occasions unfolding in northern Italy, reading the participation of the little kingdom in those epic eu events.

The first bankruptcy describes the structure of Cardinal Richelieu's anti-Habsburg alliance and Odoardo's eagerness to be a part of it. A bankruptcy at the Parman expert military, according to a rare number of corporation roster-books, sheds mild at the id of over 13,000 contributors, soldier via soldier, the beginning and historical past in their officials, the stipulations in their accommodations, and the great nation in their apparatus. bankruptcy 3 follows the 1st crusade of 1635 along French
and Savoyard contingents on the failed siege of Valenza, and the logistical problems of organizing such large-scale operations. one other bankruptcy examines the monetary expedients the duchy followed to fend off incursions on all its borders in 1636, and the way armed forces contingents on each side were
drawn into the scuffling with. a last bankruptcy relates the Spanish invasion and career which compelled duke Odoardo to make a separate peace. the quantity features a unique evaluation of the effect of struggle on civilians in accordance with parish registers for urban and state. the applying of the legislation of battle used to be principally nullified by way of common hunger, ailment and regimen sex-selective infanticide. those quantitative analyses, supported by way of maps and tables, are one of the such a lot special anyplace in Europe in
the period of the Thirty Years' War.

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European History

Giuseppe Garibaldi due secoli di interpretazioni (Italian by Aa.Vv.,Lauro Rossi

By Aa.Vv.,Lauro Rossi

Tutti i grandi personaggi che hanno lasciato un segno nella storia, sia teorici che uomini d'azione, sono stati, nel pace, oggetto di appropriazioni, rivendicazioni, collocazioni più o meno debite da parte di studiosi, forze politiche, movimenti ideologici e differenti correnti artistiche e di pensiero. Un personaggio del carisma di Garibaldi non poteva certo sfuggire a questa legge. Proprio in ragione della centralità della sua figura all'interno del dibattito culturale e politico nazionale e internazionale, al Comitato Nazionale in line with le Celebrazioni del bicentenario della nascita di Giuseppe Garibaldi, è parso opportuno pubblicare il quantity Giuseppe Garibaldi: due secoli di interpretazioni, che contiene los angeles disamina dei giudizi, dei commenti, delle valutazioni formulati dai maggiori intellettuali, uomini politici e artisti italiani e internazionali che hanno, nel corso dei secoli XIX e XX, dedicato l. a. loro attenzione al condottiero dei Mille.

LAURO ROSSI è già autore in line with i nostri tipi del quantity Garibaldi: vita, pensiero, interpretazioni. Sempre sui temi risorgimentali ha pubblicato Fondare los angeles nazione: i repubblicani del 1849 e los angeles difesa di Roma (2001) e Mazzini e l'età rivoluzionaria e napoleonica nell'Edizione nazionale degli scritti del patriota genovese (2005).

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European History

Lessons on the English Longsword by Brandon B. Heslop,Benjamin G. Bradak

By Brandon B. Heslop,Benjamin G. Bradak

extra Manuscript 39564, Cottonian Titus A XXV, and Harleian MS 3542 are believed to be the single surviving martial arts texts of medieval England. Written ahead of 1500, those infrequent texts at the paintings and lore of the longsword have now been transcribed, translated and boldly interpreted for contemporary scholars of the medieval wrestle arts. In Lessons at the English Longsword, Brandon Heslop and Benjamin Bradak mix committed scholarship with years of rigorous education to supply the mst entire glance but on the English culture of the longsword, including:

  • Full transcription and translations of the 3 texts, insights into education equipment in medieval England and an invaluable lexicon of terms
  • Detailed photographic interpretations of the texts to function a visible reference within the learn and alertness of the artwork of swordsmanship
  • A convincing case for a pan-European paintings of the longsword, linking the innovations and coaching of the English culture with the better-known German and Italian traditions
  • Focus on vital features of medieval swordsmanship present in the English manuscripts yet hardly within the quite a few German and Italian assets: set education varieties and the dealing with of a number of opponents

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European History

Measuring Wellbeing: A History of Italian Living Standards by Giovanni Vecchi

By Giovanni Vecchi

In a hundred and fifty years Italy reworked itself from a bad and backward state into one the place residing criteria are one of the optimum on the planet. In Measuring Wellbeing, Giovanni Vecchi offers an leading edge research of this modification through drawing on family members debts that offer enticing insights into existence and are the "micro" facts that create the rules for the "macro" photograph of diversifications and fluctuations within the improvement of Italy.

Vecchi presents a nuanced account of the alterations. He emphasizes that the idea that of wellness is multidimensional and needs to contain non-monetary features of existence: meals, health and wellbeing and schooling, in addition to much less tangible components reminiscent of freedom or the prospect to workout one's political rights. The ebook bargains with this polyhedral nature of wellbeing.

Among the insights are that Italians succeeded in combining progress with fairness, yet that the distance among the North and South didn't slim; the whereas toughness has elevated, schooling has no longer better up to it may possibly have; and that for just about 3 many years, Italy's virtuous course has come to a halt: the wellness of the Italian humans is on the crossroads among development and decline. Measuring Wellbeing engagingly combines a different dataset and an leading edge statistical technique that may be tailored to different countries.

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European History

The Making of Modern Greece: Nationalism, Romanticism, and by David Ricks,Roderick Beaton

By David Ricks,Roderick Beaton

each Greek and each pal of the rustic is aware the date 1821, whilst the banner of revolution used to be raised opposed to the empire of the Ottoman Turks, and the tale of 'Modern Greece' is mostly acknowledged to start. much less renowned, yet of even higher value, was once the foreign attractiveness given to Greece as an self sustaining kingdom with complete sovereign rights, as early as 1830. This areas Greece within the forefront one of the new realms of Europe whose emergence might assemble momentum via to the early 20th century, a procedure whose repercussions proceed to this present day. beginning out from that standpoint, which has been all yet overlooked beforehand, this booklet brings jointly the paintings of students from numerous disciplines to discover the contribution of typically nineteenth-century ecu modes of idea to the 'making' of Greece as a latest state. heavily associated with nationalism is romanticism, which exercised a formative position via ingenious literature, as is confirmed in different chapters on poetry and fiction. below the wide heading 'uses of the past', different chapters contemplate ways that the legacies, first of historical Greece, then later of Byzantium, got here to be mobilized within the building of a sturdy nationwide id without delay 'Greek' and 'modern'. The Making of recent Greece goals to situate the Greek event, as by no means sooner than, in the large context of present theoretical and historic brooding about international locations and nationalism within the smooth global. The ebook spans the interval from 1797, while Rigas Velestinlis released a structure for an imaginary 'Hellenic Republic', on the rate of his existence, to the institution of the trendy Olympic video games, in Athens in 1896, an get together which sealed with overseas approval the hard-won self-image of 'Modern Greece' because it had turn into tested over the former century.

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European History

Contagion: Perspectives from Pre-Modern Societies by Lawrence I. Conrad,Dominik Wujastyk

By Lawrence I. Conrad,Dominik Wujastyk

Contagion - even at the present time the note evokes worry of disorder and plague and has the ability to terrify. The 9 essays amassed the following research what pre-modern societies thought of the unfold of ailment and the way it can be managed: to what quantity have been recommendations time-honored to fashionable epidemiology current? What does the pre-modern terminology let us know concerning the conceptions of these instances? How did clinical suggestion relate to spiritual and social ideals? The participants demonstrate the complexity of rules on those matters, from antiquity via to the early sleek global, from China to India, the center East, and Europe. specific issues contain attitudes to leprosy within the previous testomony and the medieval West, conceptions of smallpox etiology in China, witchcraft and sorcery as ailment brokers in historical India, and the effect of classical Greek clinical thought. a tremendous end is that non-medical perceptions are as an important as clinical ones in people’s ideals approximately disorder and the ways that it may be combatted. at the present time we won't think within the strength of demons, however the concept that sickness is retribution for sin keeps nice strength, as was once proven by way of the preferred response to the unfold of AIDS/HIV, and it is a lesson from the earlier that the scientific career could do good to heed.

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