By Jonathan D. Pritchard
This thesis describes the 1st demonstration of a cooperative optical non-linearity in accordance with Rydberg excitation. while in traditional non-linear optics the non-linearity arises at once from the interplay among mild and subject, in a cooperative technique it's mediated through dipole-dipole interactions among light-induced excitations. For excitation to excessive Rydberg states the place the electron is barely weakly certain, the dipole-dipole interactions are super huge and lengthy variety, allowing an immense enhancement of the non-linear impact. hence, cooperative non-linear optics utilizing Rydberg excitations opens a brand new period for quantum optics allowing huge unmarried photon non-linearity to be obtainable in loose house for the 1st time. The thesis describes the theoretical underpinnings of the non- linear impression, the pioneering experimental effects and implications for experiments within the unmarried photon regime.
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