Medical Administration Policy

Culture and Retardation: Life Histories of Mildly Mentally by L.L. Langness,Harold G. Levine

By L.L. Langness,Harold G. Levine

psychological retardation within the usa is at the moment outlined as " ... signif­ icantly subaverage common highbrow functioning latest at the same time with deficits in adaptive habit, and manifested through the improvement interval" (Grossman, 1977). Of the predicted six million plus mentally retarded members during this nation totally seventy five to eighty five% are thought of to be "func­ tionally" retarded (Edgerton, 1984). that's, they're mildly retarded folks with out obtrusive natural etiology or demonstrable mind pathology. regardless of the really contemporary addition of adaptive habit as an element within the definition of retardation, 1.0. nonetheless continues to be because the crucial diagnostic criterion (Edgerton, 1984: 26). An 1.0. lower than 70 exhibits subaverage functioning. besides the fact that, even such an "objective" degree as 1.0. is prob­ lematic in view that numerous information point out particularly essentially that cultural and social elements are at play in judgements approximately who's to be thought of "retarded" (Edgerton, 1968; Kamin, 1974; Langness, 1982). hence, it's been identified for relatively it slow that there's a shut dating among socio-economic prestige and the superiority of gentle psychological retardation: better socio-economic teams have fewer mildly retarded individuals than reduce teams (Hurley, 1969). equally, it really is transparent that ethnic minorities within the usa - Blacks, Mexican-Americans, American Indians, Puerto Ricans, Hawaiians, and others - are disproportionately represented within the retarded inhabitants (Mercer, 1968; Ramey et ai., 1978).

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