Optical Engineering

Geometrical Charged-Particle Optics (Springer Series in by Harald Rose

By Harald Rose

This moment variation is a longer model of the 1st variation of Geometrical Charged-Particle Optics. The up to date reference monograph is meant as a advisor for researchers and graduate scholars who're looking a finished therapy of the layout of tools and beam-guiding structures of charged debris and their propagation in electromagnetic fields. Wave points are incorporated during this version for explaining electron holography, the Aharanov-Bohm impression and the answer of electron microscopes constrained through diffraction. numerous tools for calculating the electromagnetic box are provided and strategies are defined for calculating the homes of structures with arbitrarily curved axis. specified equipment are awarded for designing and optimizing detailed parts comparable to aberration correctors, spectrometers, power filters monochromators, ion traps, electron mirrors and cathode lenses. specifically, the optics of rotationally symmetric lenses, quadrupoles, and structures composed of those components are mentioned largely. Beam houses resembling emittance, brightness, transmissivity and the formation of caustics are defined. Relativistic movement and spin precession of the electron are handled in a covariant approach through introducing the Lorentz-invariant common time and by means of extending Hamilton’s precept from 3 to 4 spatial dimensions the place the laboratory time is taken into account because the fourth pseudo-spatial coordinate. utilizing this process and introducing the self motion of the electron, its accompanying electromagnetic box and its radiation box are calculated for arbitrary movement. furthermore, the Stern-Gerlach influence is revisited for atomic and unfastened electrons.

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